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The Basic Knowledge On Abstract Art Paintings You Should Know

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Also acknowledged as nonrepresentational art or nonobjective art, abstract art is taken as the one of the purest art forms. It is, as it makes its artist communicate freely. In artistic communication, there is no constraint form belonging to real objects. 

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A Brief History Abstract Art 

After a departure from traditional and classical academic paintings in Europe in the late 19th & early 20th centuries, there are the emergence of abstract art paintings. Famous artists in a large number painted by following the classical realism methods that used shading, realistic perspective, and other tricks to create subject matter and historical senses.    

At the beginning of the 20th century, several artists started going against the formal teachings and began to draw art pieces that didn’t represent the things of the real world. This new painting technique was taken as pure art due to the retrieval of subjects directly from the artists. Abstract artists did an experiment with new techniques like reconstructing shapes, arbitrary colors, and refusing 3D perspective. The primary feature of abstract art paintings is that it has no recognizable subject. Some artists used emotional theories that they described through particular shapes and colors. They do their paintings randomly without any prior planning. But, some artists painted their subconsciousness and emotional thoughts on the canvas. 

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Famous Abstract Painting Techniques and Artists (Painters)

Since the late 19th century, the world has seen several abstract painting techniques and a large number of abstract artists. Some of them are very popular and famous. Here are some abstract painting techniques and artists:

  • German Expressionism – The primary feature of this abstract art movement is the correspondent of the colors and saturated palette to human emotions. Wassily Kandinsky, a German artist, is taken as the truest abstract painter. He is popularly acknowledged for his color theory and attachment of emotions in his art works.    
  • Fauvism and Orphism – Fauvism and Orphism are the abstract painting movements that reject three-dimensional perspectives. In Orphism, the artists such as Robert Delaunay used bright color patches instead of a figurative object. While in Fauvism, the artists like Henri Matisse valued the use of intense arbitrary colors in their paintings.  
  • Cubism – Cubism flattened the object perspectives and took the way of pure abstract art to the next level. Kazimir Malevich and Piet Mondrian are the artists who placed colorful shapes on the simple white background and did painting to move the concept of infinity ahead.    
  • Abstract Expressionism – Abstract expressionists experimented with gestures to approach abstract paintings. Such works are acknowledged as action paintings due to their serving as a document of a painter’s literal actions. Jackson Pollock and Williem de Kooning are the most famous artists of this genre, as they paid their utmost attention to color and how to correspond with their inner emotions over form or shape.

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